Dr. Eric Posen N.D. Integrative Naturopathic Medical Centre Naturopath YVR
4 min|Dr. Eric Posen

The Hidden Dangers of Microplastics: Impact on Health and Reproduction

Wellness, Health
Microplastics, tiny plastic particles less than five millimeters in diameter, have infiltrated every aspect of our environment. From the air we breathe to the food we eat, these microscopic invaders are everywhere, raising significant concerns about their impact on human health and reproduction.

While research is still ongoing, the potential risks posed by microplastics, nanoplastics, and their additives are becoming increasingly evident, particularly in key systems vital for healing and reproduction.

Endocrine Disruptors

Microplastics are known to carry endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), which can interfere with hormone function. These disruptions can lead to a host of health issues, including developmental, reproductive, neurological, and immune problems. EDCs mimic or block hormones, leading to imbalances that can have severe consequences for both adults and developing fetuses.

Impared Energy Use

Microplastics can impair or obstruct the digestive tract, leading to decreased energy use. This obstruction can cause a reduction in nutrient absorption, leading to malnutrition and decreased overall energy levels. The presence of microplastics in the digestive system can also disrupt the gut microbiome, further impacting digestion and energy metabolism.

Pro-Oxidant Properties

Microplastics possess pro-oxidant properties, which can accelerate aging and cell death. This oxidative stress can cause pathological alterations in tissues, such as the uterine glands, leading to reproductive health issues. Oxidative stress is a major contributor to the aging process and can result in chronic inflammation and various diseases.
The Impacts of Microplastics on the Human Body


Genotoxicity refers to the ability of substances to damage DNA, leading to mutations and potential cross-generational DNA alterations. Microplastics have been shown to induce genotoxic effects, raising concerns about their impact on offspring and fetal development. DNA damage can lead to a range of health problems, including cancer and developmental disorders.

Cardiovascular Health

Exposure to microplastics has been linked to alterations in cardiovascular health. These tiny particles can contribute to inflammation and oxidative stress in the cardiovascular system, potentially leading to conditions such as atherosclerosis, hypertension, and heart disease.

Brain Dysfunction

Microplastics have been found in brain tissue, raising concerns about their impact on brain function. Potential effects include neuroinflammation, oxidative stress, and disruptions in neural communication. These changes can lead to cognitive decline, behavioral changes, and an increased risk of neurodegenerative diseases.

Metabolic Disease

Microplastics may play a role in the development of metabolic diseases by altering glucose metabolism. Disruptions in metabolic processes can lead to conditions such as diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. These diseases have far-reaching health implications, affecting overall quality of life and longevity.
Microplastics and Fetus Formation

Offspring Malformations

Exposure to microplastics during pregnancy can result in potential malformations in offspring. These malformations can affect various organ systems, leading to long-term health challenges for the affected individuals. Prenatal exposure to microplastics is particularly concerning due to the critical stages of development that occur in utero.

Reduced Reproductive Ability

Microplastics can reduce the ability to reproduce by affecting reproductive organs and hormone levels. These effects can lead to decreased fertility in both males and females, impacting population dynamics and raising concerns about future generations' health and viability.

Interaction with Environmental Toxins

Microplastics can interact with both organic and inorganic toxins in the environment, altering overall toxic exposure and health outcomes. These interactions can amplify the harmful effects of environmental toxins, leading to compounded health risks. The combined exposure to microplastics and other pollutants presents a complex challenge for understanding and mitigating their impacts.


The potential health risks associated with microplastics are vast and multifaceted, affecting key systems essential for healing and reproduction. While much remains to be understood, the evidence points to significant concerns that warrant urgent attention and action. Reducing plastic use, supporting research, and implementing policies to mitigate microplastic pollution are crucial steps in addressing this growing threat.

For those interested in learning more about the impact of microplastics and what can be done about it, the documentary "Plastic People" offers an in-depth exploration. Acclaimed author and science journalist Ziya Tong collaborates with leading scientists and undergoes personal experiments to provide a comprehensive look at how microplastics affect our bodies and our environment. "Plastic People" is a powerful reminder of the need for collective action to protect our health and the environment from the insidious impacts of microplastics.

Book an appointment today and start your wellness journey.

Popup disabled